PERRET, Auguste

(1874-1954)
   Auguste Perret, the first architect to use reinforced concrete in domestic architecture, was born in Belgium and worked mostly around Paris. Béton armé, or ferro-cement, a concrete threaded with steel, was introduced by François Hennebique for use in industrial buildings in the 1890s, and Auguste Perret and his brother Gustave became the leading contractors of ferro-cement in Paris. Reinforced concrete not only increased the strength of the material, but it also solved the problem of the monolithic joint by integrating the bonding material with the building material rather than bonding the separate pieces together with a weaker adhesive.
   Perret's first project was an eight-story concrete apartment building located in Paris at 25 bis Rue Franklin, built in 1903-1904. This structure has a unique open-plan arrangement, with large interior rooms that anticipate the modernist domestic architecture of the 1920s and even the Ranch style homes of the 1950s. Roof terraces, also very innovative, were added to allow occupants an outdoor space to garden and to enjoy free air off the street. Instead of designing an inner courtyard, as was traditional at the time, Perret created a recessed façade, set back from the street with angles to allow more windows — and therefore more light into the building. The concrete frame is visible on the exterior of the building and mimics wood construction. Because Perret was interested in texture and decorative detailing, the façade was also covered with floral patterns made from the concrete building material rather than attached to the façade. Because of Perret's organic use of concrete, his style has often been described as poetic.
   Perret's Church of Notre Dame du Raincy, built in 1922-1924, was created with a shallow vaulted concrete shell that rests on thin columns. Glass curtain walls are set into thin concrete frames. This building is also one of the earliest examples of the use of exposed ferro-cement, but its style retains historical elements. On the interior, Perret exploits the appearance of a traditional Gothic skeletal structure with concrete instead of masonry. Reinforced concrete ultimately became the primary building material of the 20th century, and architects elected to focus on either its technical or aesthetic applications in the creation of new forms of modernist architecture.
   See also BRUTALISM.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perret, Auguste — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building, Civil engineering [br] b. 12 February 1874 Ixelles, near Brussels, Belgium d. 26 February 1954 Le Havre (?), France [br] French architect who pioneered and established building design in reinforced… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Perret, Auguste — ▪ French architect born Feb. 12, 1874, near Brussels, Belg. died Feb. 25, 1954, Paris, Fr.  French architect notable for his pioneering contributions to the vocabulary of reinforced concrete construction.       He was the son of Claude Marie… …   Universalium

  • Perret, Auguste — (1874 1954)    architect    Born in Ixelles, Belgium, Auguste Perret, who became one of the most important pioneers of modern French architecture, was the son of a Communard exile. He enrolled in the École des beaux arts in Paris, where he… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Perret, Auguste — ► (1874 1954) Arquitecto francés. Construyó el teatro de los Campos Elíseos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Perret — Perret, Auguste …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Auguste Perret — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Auguste Perret (1874 1954) fue un arquitecto francés. Nació en Bruselas. Estudió arquitectura en la Escuela de Bellas Artes de París y comenzó a trabajar después en la empresa de construcción de su padre,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • PERRET (A.) — PERRET AUGUSTE (1874 1954) Pendant la période où l’apparition de nouveaux matériaux a été déterminante pour l’avènement d’une architecture moderne, un rôle éminent revient à Auguste Perret qui a donné au béton armé un style architectural. Petit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Perret — (Auguste) (1874 1954) architecte français. En association avec ses frères Gustave (1876 1952) et Claude (1880 1960), il utilisa le premier le béton: maison du 25 bis, rue Franklin à Paris (1902 1903); théâtre des Champs élysées (1911 1913), etc …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Auguste Perret — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perret. Auguste Perret Buste d Auguste Perret par Antoine Bourdelle, 1921, salle Cortot à Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Perret — Auguste Perrets Büste Auguste Perret (* 12. Februar 1874 in Ixelles/Elsene in Belgien; † 27. August 1954 in Paris) war ein französischer Architekt, Bau Unternehmer und Stadtplaner. Er galt als ein Meister des Eisenbetonbaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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